About Malappuram

Malappuram district came into existence by the merger of the contiguous and under developed areas of the erstwhile Palakkad and Kozhikode districts on 16 th June 1969. The Nilgiris and the Arabian sea from the natural boundaries on the east and west respectively, whereas to the south, it is bounded by Trissur/Palakkad Districts and to the North by Kozhikode/Wynad districts.

The District has an area of 3632/30 Sq. Km and a population of 36.29 lacs as per 2001 census. The density of the population is 1000 persons per sq. Km. The district is endowed with rich and natural scenic splendour. The location of the district is 75 degree to 77 degree east longitude and 10 degree to 12 degree north latitude. The district consists of three natural divisions viz., the lowland, the midland and the high land. Nearly 30 persantage of the area of the district covered by thick evergreen forests. Mainly four seasons exists in the district viz., dry season from Deccember to February, hot season from March to May, the southwest monsoon from June to September and North east Monsoon from October to November. The climate is generally hot and humid with temperature varying from 20 degree to 39 degree C. The normal annual rainfall is 2907mm.

The major rivers of the district are Chaliyar, Kadalundipuzha, Poorapuzha, Tirupuzha, Thoothapuzha, Bharathapuzha. The Chaliyar river with a length of 168 Kms is the longest river in the district with a catchment area of 2434.6 sq. Kms.

The district has a forest area of 103417 hectares, i.e. 28.47 percentage of total geographical area. The major forest area is connentrated in Nilambur and Wandoor blocks and Melattur in the Western ghats.

The district is divided in to six Revenue Taluks viz., Eranad, Tirur, Ponnani, Perinthalmanna, Nilambur and Tirurangadi. For rural development the district further divided into 14 blocks with 100 panchayaths. The district also have 5 Muncipalities viz., Malappuram, Manjeri, Perinthalmanna, Ponnani and Tirur.

Under the demarcation by Planning Commission, Kerala comes under West coast plains and gates. The soil of the district is essentially of laterite origin with laterite loam in coastal belt and gradually changing to sandy loam and pure sand towards seashore.

Paddy continues to be as the major food crop. next to paddy, tapioca forms the cheif food crop in the district. banana is the major fruit cultivated in the district. Banana is the major fruit cultivated in the district. Coconut, Rubber and Arecanut are the important commercial crops. Cashew, Ginger, Pepper, Pulses are also cultivated here.

The district has fairly good network of Bank Branches with 134 branches of commercial banks, 79 branches of SMGBs, 33 branches of District Co-operative Banks. There are 6 Urban Co-operative Banks too.